COMMON RACCOON
 
Procyon lotor
 



DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT
Raccoons live throughout North America from Canada to Panama.
 
DESCRIPTION
Racoons are nocturnal animals, they have big round head, rounded ears, black mask on their faces, long digits and bare feet, long and thick fur, long tail with black concentric light and dark rings.
 
REPRODUCTION
After the mating period in February or March, one to seven young are born.






 
DIET
Racoons take advantage of all available food sources. Their diet consists mostly of insects, worms, it prefers fruits and nuts, such as acorns and walnuts, crayfish, frogs and birds’ eggs.
 


SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
Raccoons are nocturnal and seldom active in the daytime. During extremely cold, snowy periods their metabolic rate and temperatures remain constant because they live off of their fat reserves. They are preyed on by large predators such as lynx and alligators.
 
LONGEVITY
Raccoons may live up to 20 years in captivity, but the wild they live approximately 5 years.