GUANACO
 
Lama guanicoe
 



DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT
Lives in South America, in the altiplano of Peru, Bolivias, Ecuador, Colombia, Chile and Argentina.
 



DESCRIPTION
The Guanaco’s body is slim, covered with a light-brown wool coat, slightly darker on the head, and white around the mouth, the rims of the ears, the abdomen and the interior side of the thighs.  The legs are brown and it has a white ring on the neck.
 


REPRODUCTION
The Guanacos are polygamous, the females reach sexual maturity at 1 year age, and the males sexually mature at age of 3 or 4 years. Females give birth to a single calf, called chulengo, weighing 8 – 12 kg.
 
DIET
 It feeds mainly on grass, leaves, shrubs, lichens, fungi and buds.
 


SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
Guanacos live in herds from 2 to 30 animals comprising females, their young and a dominant male. Bachelor males form a separate herd. While female groups tend to remain small, often containing no more than ten adults, bachelor herds may have as many as 50 animals present.
 


LONGEVITY
They live usually between 15-20 years.