BROWN BEAR
Ursus arctos





DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT
Brown bears are widely spread all over the world, they can be found in North America, Europe, northern Asia and Japan.

DESCRIPTION

The Brown Bear is a large bear, it’s colour vary from dark brown to reddish-brown. The females weigh 110 – 200 kg, and the males 160 – 385 kg. The adult bear average shoulder height is 0.9 - 1.2 m and the head-and-body lenght is 1.8 - 2.1 m.


 
REPRODUCTION
Being serially monogamous, brown bears remain with the same mate from several days to a couple of weeks in the mating season (from late May to early July).
During the winter, the females give birth usually to two cubs. The cubs feed on their mother's milk for about 5 month, and after that they stay with their mother at least for two and a half year. Brown bears mature sexually between the age of 4 and 7 years.
 




DIET
They are  omnivores and feed on a variety of plant products, including berries, roots, and sprouts, fungi as well as meat products such as fish, ants, small mammals, even larger mammals.



SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
Except females with cubs, brown bears are mostly solitary, although they may gather in large numbers at major food sources and form social hierarchies based on age and size.
 


LONGEVITY
Brown bears can live approximately for 30 years.