GUINEA PIG
 
Cavia aperea / Cavia porcellus
 



DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT
The Guinea Pig originates from South America, it is found in  Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay and Uruguay. They live in areas with bushes, rocks and grass in the subtropical and tropical savannah, plains and at the edge of woodlands.
 


DESCRIPTION
Their head-and-body length is usually 35 cm, don’t have tails, weigh between 500 and 1500 g.  The Guinea Pig has short limbs, big head, and has 4 digits on its front paws and 3 digits on its hind paws with claws. 
 


REPRODUCTION
They are poligamous. The gestation period lasts an average of 62 days. Newborn pups are well-developed with hair, teeth, claws, and partial eyesight; they are immediately mobile, and begin eating solid food immediately, though they continue to suckle.
 


DIET
It feeds with grass, and the feedings areas are usually close to their burrows.


 
SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
Guinea pigs are very social animals that prefer to live in groups of five to ten. Sometimes these groups cluster to form a colony. These animals are very vocal and display several types of distinct vocalizations.
 
LONGEVITY
They can live between 4-8 years.