JAPANESE MACAQUE
 
Macaca fuscata
 




DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT
It lives in a variety of forest-types in Japan and on the surrounding islands.  It survives winter temperatures below -15 °C, and is perhaps most notable for the amount of time it spends in naturally heated volcanic hot springs. 
 
DESCRIPTION
It is the most northern-living as well as the most polar-living non-human primate. Individuals have brown-gray fur, a red face, and a short tail. Males weigh from 10 to 14 kg, females, around 5.5 kg.

 

REPRODUCTION
Females will copulate with an average of ten males during the mating season. Females bear only one baby, which weighs about 500 g at birth.

 

DIET
It feeds on seeds, roots,buds, fruit, invertebrates, berries,leaves, eggs, fungi, bark, cereals.
 
SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
The Japanese Macaque lives in troops of 20-100 individuals in size usually subdivided into matrilineal groups consisting of many females and several males. On average, females outnumber males by 3 to 1. The females have a rigid hierarchy with infants inheriting their mother's rank.
 
LONGEVITY
They can live approximately 28 -32 years.