EUROPEAN RABBIT
 
Oryctolagus cuniculus



 
DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT
The European Rabbit is a species of  rabbit  native to south west Europe (Spain and Portugal) and northwest Africa, and has been introduced in the rest of Europe, Australia, New Zeeland, South America and a few islands. Lives in areas with bushes and woodlands, with soft soil, where escavets its burrows.
 
DESCRIPTION
It is a small mammal, with brow-gray fur, head-and-body length is 34 – 45 cm, and weigh about 1.3 – 2.2 kg. Rabbits move by hopping, using their long and powerful hind legs.
 


REPRODUCTION
Rabbits are famed for their reproductive capabilities, due to the fact that female rabbits ovulate at the time of copulation. The gestation cycle for a rabbit averages 31 days, litter sizes generally range between two to twelve rabbits. They can produce 4-7 litters of offspring per year, a mature female can be pregnant continuously for 6–8 months. One single pair of mature rabbits are able to produce 30-40 offspring per year.
 
DIET
They feed with grass, roots, bark and crops.
 
SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
European rabbits are gregarious, social animals, which live in medium size colonies. Rabbits tend to be active during the evening and night, but can be active also during the day.


 
LONGEVITY
They can live approximately 9 years.