GREEN IGUANA
 
Iguana iguana
 






DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT
Lives in trees near water. The native range of the Green Iguana extends from southern Mexico to central Brazil, Paraguay, and Bolivia and the Caribbean..
 


DESCRIPTION
Hatchlings weigh 12 gramm, and a 3 year old individual can reach 1 kg. In a short time after hatching young are 17 -25 cm long. Most adult individuals weigh between 4 and 6 kg, but some individuals from South America can weigh up to 8 kg. The Green Iguana is a large lizard, typically growing to 1.5 meters in length from head to tail. Some specimens have been measured upwards of 2 meters.
 


REPRODUCTION
Iguanas sexually mature at age of 3 – 4 years, sometimes earlier. They mate in the dry season so that the eggs can hatch in the rainy season. Approximately 65 days after the mating, females dig 45 -100 cm deep nests in the dirt and lay up to 65 eggs in separate nests. The hatchlings emerge from the nest after 90-120 days of incubation.
 


DIET
Green Iguanas are primarily herbivores, feeding on leaves, flowers, fruit, and growing shoots.
 


SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
During the breeding season, males become territorial and display head bobbing, dewlap extension, and color changes. They will bite at each other. In the wild, most disputes between iguanas take place over basking sites.
 
LONGEVITY
They can live up to 13 years in the wild and up to 25 years in captivity.