CAPYBARA


CAPYBARA
(Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris)




DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT
Found wild in South America (including Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Venezuela, Brazil, Argentina, Guyana, Suriname,French Guiana,Uruguay, Peru, and Paraguay. They prefer wet areas and forested near bodies of water, such as swamps, lakes and rivers.

DESCRIPTION

Head-body length 106-134 cm, weight 35-65 kg. Their coarse hair varies in color from reddish-brown to gray with yellow-brown on the belly. They have no tail and their front legs are shorter than their back legs.

REPRODUCTION

Gestation is 130–150 days and produce between two and eight in a single litter and the yungsters are weaned at about 16 weeks.

DIET

Are herbivore,  in the wild they eat grasses, aquatic plants, tree bark, grains and fruits. An adult capybara will eat 2.7 to 3.6 kg of grasses per day.

SOCIAL BEHAVIOR

Capybara are social animals living in groups of 10-30 leaded by a dominant male. They maintain and defend a territory when vegetation is plentiful but during the dry season groups of up to 100 may congregate together.

LONGEVITY

Capybara can live 8-12 years